Centre for the Study of Missing Persons - Young people and running away

Publications

Abrahams, C., & Mungall, R. (1992) Young Runaways: Exploding the Myths. London: NCH Action for Children

Ashton, C. (2008, December 5). More runaways using text service, BBC Newsbeat. http://news.bbc.co.uk/newsbeat/hi/technology/newsid_7765000/7765861.stm

Barter, C. (1996) Nowhere to Hide: Giving Young Runaways a Voice. London:Centrepoint/NSPCC

BBC. (2008, December 10). ‘Hundreds’ go missing from care, BBC News. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/7773736.stm

BBC. (2008, December 10). In pictures: children in care exhibition, BBC News. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/in_pictures/7775107.stm

BBC. (2012). Children in care who go missing, BBC Radio 4. http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p00rjtb2

Bernardo's (2013) Cutting them free. How is the UK progressing in protecting its children from sexual exploitation. http://www.barnardos.org.uk/cuttingthemfree.pdf

Biehal, N., & Wade, J. (2000). Going missing from residential and foster care: linking biographies and contexts. British Journal of Social Work, 30(2), 211-225. http://bjsw.oxfordjournals.org/content/30/2/211.short

Child Helpline International (2009) Connecting to children. 8th edition.
http://www.childhelplineinternational.org/assets/cms/File/CHI047_connecting_section1_DEF.pdf

Child Helpline International (2010) Violence Against Children. Child helpline data on abuse and violence.
http://www.childhelplineinternational.org/assets/cms/File/9924_CHI_VAC_WT_low_res.pdf

Chen, X., Thrane, L., & Adams, M. (2012) Precursors of Running Away During Adolescence: Do Peers Matter? Journal of Research on Adolescence.

Chen, X., Tyler, K. A., Whitbeck, L. B., & Hoyt, D. R. (2004). Early sexual abuse, street adversity, and drug use among female homeless and runaway adolescents in the Midwest. Journal of Drug Issues , 34(1), 1-21. [link]

Clark, H. B., Crosland, K. A., Geller, D., Cripe, M., Kenny, T., Neff, B., & Dunlap, G. (2008). A functional approach to reducing runaway behaviour and stabilizing placements for adolescents in foster care. Research on Social Work Practice , 18(5), 429-441.
http://rsw.sagepub.com/content/18/5/429.full.pdf+html

Courtney, M. E., & Zinn, A. (2009). Predictors of running away from out-of-home care. Children and Youth Services Review 31.12, 1298-1306.

Darker, I., Ward, H., & Caulfield, L. (2008). An analysis of offending by young people looked after by local authorities. Youth Justice, 8(2), 134-148. http://yjj.sagepub.com/content/8/2/134.short

DCSF (2008) Young Runaways Action Plan. London: HM Government
http://www.railwaychildren.org.uk/wcore/showdoc.asp?id=961

DCSF (2009) Statutory guidance on children who run away and go missing from home or care. London: DCSF
http://www.gateshead.gov.uk/DocumentLibrary/LSCB/Statutoryguidanceonmissingchildren-2009.pdf

Drinkwater, M. (2009, September 18). Practice Panel: young asylum seeker on the streets after dispute over age between Home Office and local authority, Community Care. http://www.communitycare.co.uk/Articles/18/09/2009/112638/age-assessment-dispute-leaves-young-afghan-asylum-seeker-destitute.htm

Edinburgh, L. D., & Saewyc, E. M. (2009) A novel, intensive home-visiting intervention for runaway, sexually exploited girls. Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing, 14(1), 41-48. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1744-6155.2008.00174.x/full

Eriksson, M. (2009). Girls and boys as victims: social workers’ approaches to children exposed to violence. Child Abuse Review , 18(6), 428-445. http://www.scie-socialcareonline.org.uk/profile.asp?guid=2176b44e-5075-4364-9706-a4cba77ef7f0

European Online Grooming Project (2010) Understanding the Problem of Online Grooming and Empowering Young People to Use the Internet Safely. http://www.european-online-grooming-project.com/

Evans, K., Houghton-Brown, M. & Rees, G. (2007) Stepping Up: The Future of Runaways Services. London: The Children’s Society. http://www.safeatlast.org.uk/documents/Stepping_Up_The_Future_For_Young_Runaways_5305_full.pdf

Franks, M., & Rees, G. (2005) Safe on our Streets - Manchester: Evaluation of CYPU-funded Runaways Work, April 2003 to June 2004. London: The Children’s Society.

Gibb, G., & Woolnough, P. (2007). Missing Persons: Understanding Planning Responding. Grampian Police Force. http://www.missingpersons.gov.au/research/~/media/MP/Files/PDFs/Missing%20Persons%20Understanding%20Planning%20Respondi.ashx

Gilchrist, H. & Rees, G. (2004) ASTRA Project: Out-of-Hours Work, Evaluation Report. Gloucester: ASTRA.

Gwent Police. (2012) Business Case-Situation Report: Gwent Multi-Agency Missing Children and Young People Project. Gwent Police.

Hammer, H., Finkelhor, D., & Sedlak, A.J. (2002) Runaway/Thrownaway Children: National Estimates and Characteristics. Washington DC: US Department of Justice.

Harris, J., & Scott, S. (2006) Missing In London: Meeting the Needs of Young People who Run Away. London: Barnardo’s
http://www.dmss.co.uk/pdf/barnardo_s_missing_in_Iondon_report.pdf

Hayden, C. (2007) Children in Trouble. Reviewing the role of families, schools and communities. Basingstoke: Palgrave/MacMillan.f

Hildebrand, J. A. (1963). Why runaways leave home. Journal of Criminal Law, Criminology and Police Science , 54(2), 211-216. http://heinonline.org/HOL/LandingPage?collection=journals&handle=hein.journals/jclc54&div=33&id=&page=

Huey, L., & Quirouette, M. (2010). ‘Any Girl Can Call the Cops, No Problem’: The Influence of Gender on Support for the Decision to Report Criminal Victimization within Homeless Communities. British Journal of Criminology , 50(2), 278-295. http://bjc.oxfordjournals.org/content/50/2/278.short

Jones, T. (2006) Safe4U Young Runaway Project: An evaluation of the two year pilot project to provide community based emergency refuge accommodation to young runaways in Leicester, Leicestershire and Rutland. April 2004 to March 2006. Leicester: Safe 4 U Young Runaways Project.

Kaufman, J. G., & Widom. C. S. (1999). “Childhood Victimization, Running Away, and Delinquency.” Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 36(4), 347–370.

Kerr, J., & Finlay, J. (2007). Youth running from residential care: ‘the push’ and ‘the pull’. Ontario: Office of Child and Family Service Advocacy. http://www.ontla.on.ca/library/repository/mon/16000/271285.pdf

Kim, M. J., Tajima, E. A., Herrenkohl, T. I., & Huang, B. (2009). Early child maltreatment, runaway youths, and risk of delinquency and victimization in adolescence: a mediational model. Social Work Research , 33(1), 19-28. http://swr.oxfordjournals.org/content/33/1/19.short

Kort-Butler, L. A., Tyler, K. A., & Melander, L. A. (2011) Childhood maltreatment, parental monitoring, and self-control among homeless young adults: Consequences for negative social outcomes. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 38, 1244-1264.

Lawrenson, F. (1997). Runaway children: whose problem?. British Medical Journal, 314, 1064.

Lay, M., & Papadopoulos, I. (2009). Sexual maltreatment of unaccompanied asylum-seeking minors from the Horn of Africa: a mixed method study focusing on vulnerability and prevention. Child Abuse and Neglect, 33(10), 728-738. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S014521340900177X

Leslie, M. B., Stein, J. A., & Rotheram-Borus, M. J. (2002). Sex-specific predictors of suicidality among runaway youth. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology 31(1), 27–40. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1207/S15374424JCCP3101_05

Lin, C. (2012). Children who run away from foster care: Who are the children and what are the risk factors? Children and Youth Services Review.

Livingstone, S., & Haddon, L. (2008). Risky experiences for children online: charting European research on children and the internet. Children and Society, 22(4), 314-323. http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/27076/1/Risky_experiences_for_children_online_(LSERO).pdf

Lombard, D. (2010, April 1). Research realities: sexual exploitation of young asylum seekers, Community Care. http://www.communitycare.co.uk/Articles/01/04/2010/114215/research-realities-sexual-exploitation-of-young-asylum-seekers.htm

Lopez, W. L., Mullins, L. L., Wolfe-Christensen, C., & Bourdeau, T. (2008). The relation between parental psychological distress and adolescent anxiety in youths with chronic illnesses: the mediating effect of perceived child vulnerability. Children’s Health Care, 37(3), 171-182. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/02739610802151464

Macaskill, C. (2006) Beyond Refuge: Supporting Young Runaways. London: NSPCC
http://www.nspcc.org.uk/Inform/publications/downloads/beyondrefugesummary_wdf48074.pdf

Malloch M (2006) Running - Other Choices Refuge Evaluation. Stirling: University of Stirling.
http://www.aberlour.org.uk/rocrefugeevaluation.aspx

Malloch, M., & Burgess, C. (2007) A Scoping Study of Services for Young Runaways: Final Report. Stirling: University of Stirling
http://www.sccjr.ac.uk/documents/files/aberlour_malloch.pdf

Malloch, M., & Burgess, C. (2011). Responding to young runaways: problems of risk and responsibility. Youth Justice , 11(1), 61-76. http://yjj.sagepub.com/content/11/1/61.short

Martin, V. (2006) Bradford Community Refuge Project: A Report on its Achievements 2004-2006. Bradford: Bradford Community Refuge Project
http://www.railwaychildren.org.uk/wcore/showdoc.asp?id=735

Martinez, L. (2007). Best kept secret in law enforcement. Law Enforcement Technology , 34(5), 92-99. https://www.ncjrs.gov/app/abstractdb/AbstractDBDetails.aspx?id=240980

Martinez-Gonzalez, R., Symeou, L., Alvarez-Blanco, L., Roussounidou, E., Iglesias-Muniz, J., & Cao-Fernandez, M. (2008). Family involvement in the education of potential drop-out children: a comparative study between Spain and Cyprus. Educational Psychology: An International Journal of Experimental Educational Psychology , 28(5), 505-520. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/01443410701811121

Mason, J. (2008). A children’s standpoint: needs in out-of-home care. Children and Society , 22(5), 358-369. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1099-0860.2007.00115.x/abstract

Milburn, N. G., Rosenthal, G., Rotheram-Borus, M. J., Mallett, S., Batterham, P., Rice, E., & Solorio, R. (2007). Newly Homeless Youth Typically Return Home. Journal of Adolescent Health 40(6), 574–76.

Mitchell, F. (2003) ‘Can I come home? The experiences of young runaways contacting the Message Home helpline’, Child and Family Social Work, 8(1), 3-12.

Newman, C. (1989) Young Runaways: Findings from Britain’s first Safe House. London: The Children’s Society

Paul, C. C., & Walker, J. (2009). An international mediation: from child abduction to property distribution. American Journal of Family Law , 23(3), 167-173. http://www.mikk-ev.de/wp-content/uploads/american-journal-of-family-law-number-3-fall-2009.pdf

Pearce, J. J., Hynes, P., and Bovarnick, S. (2009). Breaking the wall of silence: practitioners’ responses to trafficked children and young people. London: NSPCC. http://www.nspcc.org.uk/Inform/research/Findings/breaking_the_wall_of_silence_wda65628.html

Peled, E., & Cohavi, A. (2009). The meaning of running away for girls. Child Abuse & Neglect , 33, 739-749.

Peled, E. & Muzicant, A. (2008). The meaning of home for runaway girls, Journal of Community Psychology, 36(4), 434-451. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jcop.20222/abstract

Pemberton, C. (2010, April 30). Refuges for young runaways, Community Care. http://www.communitycare.co.uk/Articles/30/04/2010/114406/refuges-for-young-runaways.htm

Police Oracle. (2009, March 4). Huge increases in web child abuse. http://www.policeoracle.com/news/Huge-Increase-In-Web-Child-Abuse_18607.html

Rafferty, L. A. & Raimondi, S. (2009). Understanding and preventing runaway behaviour: indicators and strategies for teachers, Beyond Behaviour, 18(3), 19-25. http://www.ccbd.net/sites/default/files/bebe-18-03-19.pdf

Raws, P. (2001) Lost Youth: Young Runaways in Northern Ireland. London: The Children’s Society / EXTERN.

Rees, G. (1993) Hidden Truths: Young People’s Experiences of Running Away. London: The Children’s Society

Rees, G. (2001) Working with Young Runaways - Learning from Practice. London: The Children’s Society

Rees, G. (2011) Still Running 3. Early findings from our third national survey of young runaways. London: The Children’s Society.
http://www.childrenssociety.org.uk/sites/default/files/tcs/still_running_3_full_report_final.pdf

Rees, G., & Lee, J. (2005) Still Running 2: Findings from the Second National Survey of Young Runaways. London: The Children’s Society
http://www.childrenssociety.org.uk/sites/default/files/tcs/research_docs/Still%20running%202%20-%20Findings%20from%20the%20second%20national%20survey%20of%20young%20runaways.pdf

Rees, G., & Medforth, R. (2004) ASTRA Project: Evaluation of Family Work, 2003 to 2004. Gloucester: ASTRA

Rees, G., Franks, M., Raws, P., & Medforth, R. (2005) Responding to Young Runaways: An Evaluation of 19 Projects, 2003 to 2004. London: DfES
http://www.cnpcjr.pt/preview_documentos.asp?r=449&m=PDF

Rees, G., Franks, M., Medforth, R., & Wade, J. (2009) Commissioning, Delivery and Perceptions of Emergency Accommodation for Young Runaways. The Children’s Society.
http://dera.ioe.ac.uk/21/1/DCSF-RR181(R).pdf

Rees, G., Gorin, S.,Jobe, A.,Stein, M.,Medforth, R., &Goswami, H. (2010) Safeguarding Young People: Responding to young people aged 11 to 17 who are maltreated. The Children’s Society.
http://www.childrenssociety.org.uk/sites/default/files/tcs/research_docs/Safeguarding%20Young%20People%20-%20Responding%20to%20Young%20People%20aged%2011%20to%2017%20who%20are%20maltreated.pdf

Rees, G., & Smeaton, E. (2001) Child Runaways: Under 11s Running Away in the UK. London: The Children’s Society.

Rosario, M., Schrimshaw, E. W., & Hunter, J. (2012). Risk factors for homelessness among lesbian, gay, and bisexual youths: A developmental milestone approach. Children and Youth Services Review, 34, 186-193.

Said, R., & Fletcher, K. (2006) Young Runaways Project Evaluation Report. Liverpool: Liverpool City Council / NCH

Safe on the Streets Research Team (1999) Still Running - Children on the Streets in the UK London: The Children’s Society
http://www.york.ac.uk/inst/swrdu/Publications/still_running_summary.pdf

Sanchez, R. P., Waller, M., & Greene, J. (2006) Who Runs? A Demographic Profile of Runaway Youth in the United States. Journal of Adolescent Health, 39, 778–81.

Schwalbe, C. S., & Maschi, T. (2011). Confronting delinquency: probations officers’ use of coercion and client-centered tactics to foster youth compliance. Crime and Delinquency , 57(5), 801-822. http://cad.sagepub.com/content/57/5/801

Scottish Executive. (2002). Vulnerable children: young runaways and children abused through prostitution. Edinburgh: The Stationary Office. http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Resource/Doc/46932/0025181.pdf

Selwyn, J., Saunders, H., & Farmer, E. (2010). The views of children and young people on being cared for by an independent foster-care provider. British Journal of Social Work , 40(3), 696-713. http://bjsw.oxfordjournals.org/content/40/3/696.short

Shalev, K (2011) ‘Children who go missing repeatedly and their involvement in crime’. International Journal of Police Science and Management, 13(1), 29–36.

Slesnick, N., Bartle-Haring, S., Erdem, G., Budde, H., Letcher, A., Bantchevska, D., & Patton, R. (2009). Troubled parents, motivated adolescents: predicting motivation to change substance use among runaways. Addictive Behaviours, 34(8), 675–684. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0306460309000835

Slesnick, N., Dashora, P., Letcher, A., Erdem, G., & Serovich, J. (2009). A review of services and interventions for runaway and homeless youth: moving forward. Children and Youth Services Review 31(7), 732–742. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0190740909000371

Slesnick, N., & Prestopnik, J. L. (2009). Comparison of family therapy outcome with alcohol-abusing, runaway adolescents. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy , 35(3), 255-277.

Smeaton, E., & Rees, G. (2004) Running Away in South Yorkshire. Leeds: Safe@Last/The Children’s Society.
http://www.safeatlast.org.uk/documents/MicrosoftWord-RunningAwayInSouthYorkshire.pdf

Smeaton, E. (2005) Living on the Edge: The Experiences of Detached Young Runaways. London: The Children’s Society.

Smeaton, E. (2006) Review of South Coast Runaways Initiative’s Experience of Establishing Flexible Refuge in Torquay. London: The Children’s Society

Smeaton, E. (2008) Refuge for Young Runaways in the UK: A Critical Overview. The Railway Children.
http://www.railwaychildren.org.uk/wcore/showdoc.asp?id=735

Smeaton, E. (2009) Children on the Streets in Mwanza: Summary of Survey Findings. Sandbach: Railway Children.
http://cfsc.trunky.net/_uploads/Publications/22.Children_on_the_Streets_in_Mwanza.pdf

Smeaton, E. (2009) Off the Radar: Children and Young People on the Streets in the UK, Railway Children
http://www.railwaychildren.org.uk/wcore/showdoc.asp?id=1301

Smeaton, E. (2009, December 10). Street life, Public Finance.
http://www.publicfinance.co.uk/features/2009/12/street-life/

Smeaton, E. (2010) Evalution@Last: Finds from the Evaluation of the Safe@Last safeplace Refuge Safe@Last, Railway Children

Smeaton, E. (2010). Counting the Cost: Off the radar and on the streets. Sandbach: The Railway Children.
http://www.railwaychildren.org.uk/wcore/showdoc.asp?id=1403

Smeaton, E. (2010). Review of the Services Provided by the National Care Advisory Service. London: NCAS.
http://resources.leavingcare.org/uploads/b6e3052a2cb6221d586595025676b7bf.pdf

Smeaton, E. (2011, April 12). Emergency Accommodation for Young Runaways: Providing a Safe Haven, Community Care.
http://www.communitycare.co.uk/Articles/12/04/2011/116643/research-findings-on-emergency-accommodation-for-young-runaways.htm

Smeaton, E. (2011). Children on the streets in the UK. In S. J. Smith (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Housing and Home. Oxford: Elsevier.

Smeaton, E. (2012). ‘Commissioning emergency accommodation for young runaways’. Housing, Care and Support, 15(1), 16–24.

Smeaton, E. (2012). Struggling to Survive: Children Living on the Streets in Tanzania and Kenya. Sandbach: The Railway Children.
http://www.railwaychildren.org.uk/wcore/showdoc.asp?id=1689

Smeaton, E., & Franks, M (2011) Best Practice in the Commissioning and Delivery of Emergency Accommodation in Scotland for Children and Young People Who Run Away. Edinburgh: Scottish Government.
http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Resource/Doc/340164/0112606.pdf

Smeaton, E., & Rees, G. (2004) Running Away in South Yorkshire. London: The Children’s Society
http://www.safeatlast.org.uk/documents/MicrosoftWord-RunningAwayInSouthYorkshire.pdf

Social Exclusion Unit (2001) Consultation on Young Runaways: Background paper by the Social Exclusion Unit. London: Cabinet Office
http://dera.ioe.ac.uk/10997/1/consultation_runaways.pdf

Social Exclusion Unit (2002) Young Runaways: Report by the Social Exclusion Unit. London: Office of the Deputy Prime Minister.
http://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/+/http://www.cabinetoffice.gov.uk/media/cabinetoffice/social_exclusion_task_force/assets/publications_1997_to_2006/young_runaways.pdf

Stein, J. A., Milburn, N. G., Zane, J. I., & Rotheram-Borus, M. J. (2009). Paternal and maternal influences on problem behaviours among homeless and runaway youth. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry , 79(1), 39-50. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1037/a0015411/abstract

Stein, M., & Rees, G. (2002) ‘Young People Leaving Care and Young People Who Go Missing. In J. Bradshaw (ed) The Well-being of Children in the UK. London: Save the Children

Stein, M., Rees, G., & Frost, N. (1994) Running - The Risk: Young People on the Streets of Britain Today. London: The Children’s Society

Stiffman, A. R. (1989). ‘Physical and sexual abuse in runaway youths’. Child Abuse and Neglect, 13(3), 417–426. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0145213489900823

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (2004). The NSDUH Report: Substance Use among Youths Who Had Run Away from Home. http://www.oas.samhsa.gov/2k4/runAways/runAways.cfm.

Sveticic, J., San Too, L., & De Leo, D. (2012). “Suicides by persons reported as missing prior to death: a retrospective cohort study.” BMJ Open, 2(2), 1–7.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3323803/

Swanton, B., & Wilson, P. (1989). Research brief: missing persons. Australian Institute of Criminology: trends and issues in criminal justice, 17, 1–5. http://pandora.nla.gov.au/nph-wb/20010220130000/http://www.aic.gov.au/publications/tandi/ti17.pdf

The Children’s Society (2006) Safe and Sound: Lessons from America. London: The Children’s Society.

The Children’s Society (2010) Hidden Children – separated children at risk. London: The Children’s Society. http://www.londonscb.gov.uk/files/hidden_children_2010.pdf

The Children's Society (2013)Here to Listen? Return interviews provision for young runaways. http://www.childrenssociety.org.uk/sites/default/files/tcs/here_to_listen_report.pdf

Thompson, S. J., Zittel-Palamara, K. M., & Maccio, E.M. (2004) Runaway Youth Utilizing Crisis Shelter Services: Predictors of Presenting Problems. Child and Youth Care Forum 33(6), 387–404.

Thornberry, T. P., Freeman-Gallant, A., & Lovegrove, P. J. (2009). Intergenerational linkages in antisocial behaviour. Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health, 19(2), 80-93. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/cbm.709/abstract

Thrane, L.E., & Chen, X. (2010) Impact of Running Away on Girls' Sexual Onset. Journal of Adolescent Health, 46(1), 32-36.

Thrane, L.E., & Chen, X. (2012) Impact of running away on girls’ pregnancy. Journal of Adolescence, 35(2), 443-449.

Thrane, L.E., Yoder, K. A., & Chen, X. (2011) The Influence of Running Away on the Risk of Female Sexual Assault in the Subsequent Year. Violence and Victims, 26( 6), 816-829.

Tucker, J. S., Edelen, M. O., Ellickson, O. L, & Klein, D. J. (2011) Running away from home. A longitudinal study of adolescent risk factors and young adult outcomes. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 40(5), 507-518.

Tyler, K.A. & Bersani, B.E. (2008) A Longitudinal Study of Early Adolescent Precursors to Running Away’, The Journal of Early Adolescence, 28(2), 230-251. http://jea.sagepub.com/content/28/2/230.short

Tyler, K. A., Cauce, A.M., & Whitbeck, L. (2004) Family Risk Factors and Prevalence of Dissociative Symptoms among Homeless and Runaway Youth. Child Abuse and Neglect, 28, 355–366.

Tyler, K.A., Hagewen, K. J., & Melander, L. A. (2011) Risk Factors for Running Away Among a General Population Sample of Males and Females, Youth & Society, 43, 583-608.

United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) & International Centre for Missing & Exploited Children (ICMEC). (2010) Missing Children in Central America: Research of Practices and Legislation on Prevention and Recovery. Alexandria, VA: ICMEC. http://www.icmec.org/en_X1/icmec_publications/Central_America_Missing_Children_Report__Final_.pdf

Verkaik, R. (2008, December 10). The hundreds of children missing from care homes, The Independent. http://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/home-news/the-hundreds-of-children-missing-from-care-homes-1059451.html

Wade, J. (2002) Missing Out: Young Runaways in Scotland. Stirling: Aberlour Childcare Trust.
http://www.aberlour.org.uk/missingout_1.aspx

Wade J, Mitchell F & Rees G (2002) Young Runaways in Wales: Patterns, needs and services. Cardiff: The Welsh Assembly.
http://www.york.ac.uk/inst/spru/research/pdf/running.pdf

Wade, J., Biehal, N., Clayden, J., & Stein, M. (1998) Going Missing: Young people absent from care. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons

Waller, W. M., & Sanchez, R. P. (2011) The Association Between Same-Sex Romantic Attractions and Relationships and Running Away Among a Nationally Representative Sample of Adolescents. Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal, 28(6), 475-493.

Yoder, K. A., Whitbeck, L. B., & Hoyt, D. R. (2003) Gang Involvement and Membership among Homeless and Runaway Youth. Youth and Society, 34(4), 441–67.

return to top